WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF POSTGRADUATE?

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF POSTGRADUATE

In the current labour market, undergraduate degrees are insufficient. Many professionals without a postgraduate degree encounter obstacles when opting for a job. Read this guide to postgraduate types to understand what your path may be.

It is no secret to anyone that companies are requesting more and more trained employees, especially in a dynamic and increasingly technological and social economy. At the same time, a wage gap is created between professionals who have postgraduate degrees and those who do not.

That reality makes us question our future options. What is the next step to strengthen our knowledge and thus present a better curriculum? If I choose a master’s degree, what will my job opportunities be?

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF POSTGRADUATE?

The immediate response is to get a graduate degree. But which is the best graduate for you? Most professionals do not consider studying a postgraduate because it seems too complicated or too expensive. There is a significant lack of information on the various types of postgraduate. What if I tell you that you are not considering all the options for you?

WHAT IS A POSTGRADUATE?

Different types of postgraduate can help all professionals. It doesn’t matter if you are a recent graduate, or if you have many years of work experience. If you want to continue your studies with a postgraduate and do not know what to do, here you will find the answer.

In this article, I will teach you the various types of postgraduate, and I will show you the advantages against the disadvantages to allow you to understand which postgraduate would suit you best. This short postgraduate guide gives you a tool to make the best decision for your future.

Remember that investing in education is the best that anyone can do.

A postgraduate may be the second step. The postdoctoral term encompasses all the lessons that are obtained through a degree that is taken after the university undergraduate has finished. Postgraduate courses begin where the first step of the undergraduate ends, or as stated in other countries, the bachelor’s degree or degree.

These characteristics distinguish the different types of postgraduates:

  • Academic or professional objective
  • Value in the labour market
  • Cost and financing

1. POSTGRADUATE TYPE # 1: THE MASTERY

OBJECTIVES
Masters or Master’s degrees are emerging as the most popular postgraduate degree. Not only for its wide range of themes and methodologies but also the impact they have on the professional’s working life.

These studies are designed to take the student with some basic knowledge about an area, to deepen all aspects of theoretical development.

The objective of a master’s degree is always to train a person so that he can do research independently. It allows the student to become a ‘teacher’ of the subject. Master all aspects, and know-how to reason about the content using the techniques learned.

In general, the Master’s degrees are studies lasting between 1 and 2 years. They are completed only when the student manages to pass all the subjects and the final work or thesis of the postgraduate.

In recent years, we have detected the tendency to focus the masters on particular topics. About 20 years ago, a master’s degree in economics was valid for all students.

Today you can find a master’s degree in labour economics, as well as a master’s degree in environmental economics. There are still masters in chemistry, but you can find masters in chemistry applied to gastronomy.

AND AFTER THE MASTER?

Without a doubt, the professional opportunities of a master’s degree are many and immediate. Companies are looking for people who are newly trained in the best modern techniques available.

Many studies show that the salary of a recent graduate rises 15% for having completed a master’s degree. And this effect is permanent throughout the race: imagine earning 15% more every month, until the day of your retirement! It’s like having an additional two months of salary every year.

WHAT TYPES OF MASTERS ARE THERE?

Master or Master? They are similar titles, according to the RAE. The distinction between several types of masters that you will find in your online search is more important. Being such an accessible mode of study, it is not surprising that the masters have their subdivisions.

And here begins the soup of letters that is not always so clear. If the name Master is used in the US, Australia, Canada, or the European Union, the situation is different in Spain, the United Kingdom, and France.

Spain

In Spain, there are differences between m to official stores and prop ios. The official Master’s degree is accredited by government regulation. Simply, it means that the Master has to meet minimum quality criteria.

This type of Master’s degree is the only one that allows the validation of studies in other institutions or your country. This is important if you decide to return after studies: an official master’s degree can be recognized outside of Spain.

This is not the case with the Master’s degrees. These courses are taught and developed in the same way by public and private institutions. For that reason, they offer greater freedoms in terms of content but do not allow subsequent validation.

In general, their orientation is only for professional preparation. The quality of this type of program is very variable, and since it is not subject to any control, you have to verify the study program well.

France

In France, the Master’s degrees are divided into professional (M1) and academic (M2) masters. The m to steres M1 train students to practise a specific profession, and are quite comparable with specializations. The m to steres M2 is research, and the aim is to train students in research as well as in the practice of a profession. An M2 master’s degree is required to request access to a doctorate.

The situation in the United Kingdom is even more complicated. There is nothing less than five different types:

  • MA– Master of Arts
  • MSc– Master of Science
  • MRes – Master of Research
  • MPhil – Master of Philosophy
  • MBA – Master in Business Administration

In the past, this difference was necessary because the Master of Arts focused more on the Arts and Humanities, while the Masters of Science or Research were in the area of ​​natural sciences. This distinction has been lost over time, as all qualifications are inserted in the process of Bolon.

MBA

The MBA is a degree that is only awarded for studies in the business area and is very different as a typology. You will find more information about the MBA in another entry.

AND HOW MUCH CAN A MASTER COST?

A master usually has a price m to s high. It is more expensive than an undergraduate or undergraduate course because they are courses where there are more teachers and fewer students. The cost of a master’s degree depends on three factors:

(1) The country where you want to study, because each university system has its way of calculating the enrollment, and each place has a different cost of living.

(2) The area of ​​study you choose: some of the best schools with highly prized careers are costly, while others in low demand areas are more accessible.

(3) The time to apply: if you advance your management, you can save many additional costs. Some tips on how to save on your efforts are the cheapest accommodation, grants for university restaurants, etc.

Keep in mind that during a specialization, you can often do internships abroad. In many of these internships, you get paid. Apart from the economic advantage, this experience adds a lot of value to your resume and is particularly appreciated by international companies.

AND ARE THERE SCHOLARSHIPS FOR MASTERS?

Studying a postgraduate with a scholarship is a necessity for almost everyone. Although the masters are expensive without a doubt, this investment can be financed with scholarships. Most of the awards are for masters programs. There is real competition between countries and universities to attract the best candidates to these select programs. You can take advantage of this competition to finance your master’s.

2. POSTGRADUATE TYPE # 2: SPECIALIZATIONS

OBJECTIVES
These postgraduate degrees are very similar to masters, but they have a very different aim: the content is intended for improvement and specialization within a professional area. It prepares you for a particular job without further investigation.

This is information focused on the practical aspect, and that neglects the theoretical in many cases. There is a final work, which is often a report on a specific character that was done during an internship in a company. Its total duration is typically one year.

ARE THERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SPECIALIZATION AND DIPLOMA?

The graduates are shorter and are rather short courses to upgrade the skills of professionals in their area of expertise. The short duration of these studies facilitates access to new knowledge for very busy professionals.

AND AFTER SPECIALIZATION?

Unlike mastery, knowledge in a specialization is efficient. Therefore, in the short term, it is straightforward to find a job. However, it has little impact on long-term salary.

One reason is that the training is limited to the acquired techniques and does not seek a more general practice, which could give you the possibility of ascending or taking more essential positions in a company. Another reason is that the company that pays you for the studies recovers part of the investment by offering you a job at a lower salary.

AND HOW MUCH CAN A SPECIALIZATION COST?

Being short postgraduate, prices tend to be cheaper than a master’s degree. The teaching staff that teaches this type of study usually focuses on the technical content taught. Many institutes that offer it proliferate.

That can affect the quality of the course. Cheap is not always the best. Again, the short-term price effect causes many to be inclined to choose a specialization, but a more expensive master’s degree will yield you more in the long term.

AND ARE THERE SCHOLARSHIPS FOR SPECIALIZATION / DIPLOMA?

Given the reduced cost, there are no scholarships to specialize in. Some companies provide these postgraduate studies to their employees for free, to improve their technical expertise. However, many governments offer specific scholarships to enhance their professional knowledge with courses in other countries.

The Professional Development Scholarships OAS, for example, offers scholarship opportunities for training through short courses and medium-term, lasting from one week to one year. VLIR-UOS is an agency in Belgium that has training courses.

3. POSTGRADUATE TYPE # 3: THE DOCTORATE

OBJECTIVES
The most advanced postgraduate his doctorate. The master’s degrees serve as starting points for doctorates. That is, you will need to have a master’s degree to be admitted to a doctorate. The main objective of a doctorate is to research a particular subject, to propose new relevant scientific contributions in their field.

This work is carried out under the supervision of a professor, with the support of a team composed of other doctoral students, post-doctoral students, and researchers.

DURATION

Doctorates are quite long postgraduates. On average, a doctorate takes about 3 to 5 years. The length depends on the area of ​​studies, the previous preparation, and personal factors (such as the financing of the doctorate). The study areas define the average duration. It is long a doctorate in humanities than in natural sciences.

If the master’s degree you studied before starting the doctorate covered a lot of material, you would not need to consider more during the doctorate. Add an extra year if you don’t have enough preparation. Personal factors can speed up or slow down the duration. I have observed that people with family problems or with financing problems had to postpone the doctorate, even working on something else for years.

CAN A DOCTORATE BE done WITHOUT A MASTER?

Yes, as long as in your previous degree – or your last job – you have enough research experience. If, for example, you have done a research project, such as a thesis, or have written interesting reports, it can be accepted as proof of your ability.

Similarly, if you have worked in a company or agency where much critical analysis was requested, it can be accepted. It can be a job as a chemist in a laboratory, but also a function as a prosecutor in a court. It is enough to have an exciting experience with research and in-depth knowledge of your field.

However, some universities ask that candidates have a formal master’s degree. If you want to do a doctorate abroad, it is something to ask because it is the case in many large universities.

THE DOCTORAL THESIS

At the end of the program, students must not only present the doctoral thesis, but also take a memory test of the argument, and present it at a public conference.

Is a PhD something for you? Listen to these interviews with a professor and a researcher who have started their doctorate at 25 or 35 years. Your experience will help you better understand your possibilities. Or listen to my interview with Jenny Vásquez, who won an Erasmus Mundus scholarship for a doctorate.

AND AFTER THE DOCTORATE?

Upon passing the degree of Doctor is obtained, and is trained to teach and develop research. It is the only title that allows you to start an academic career. Not all people follow the university path, and many doctorates work in institutions and companies.

The labour market for doctors is particular. On the one hand, for having very specialized knowledge, the possibilities in several sectors are limited. On the other hand, the leadership, analysis and creation capacity acquired during a doctorate is highly appreciated by companies and institutions. That results in a very high salary and taking positions of high administrative relevance.

WHAT TYPES OF DOCTORATE ARE THERE?

You can mainly distinguish three types of doctorate :

  1. The structured doctoral program: The training offers very advanced level courses in a few subjects for one year to level the knowledge of the candidates. Doctoral research begins if this preparatory program is completed. Few universities facilitate the transition from a master to a doctorate in this way.
  2. Based on a doctoral project: It is for teachers who obtain projects financed by governments, foundations or companies that actively seek qualified personnel to execute parts of the project. The doctorate starts when the project begins.
  3. The individual doctorate: It is a project that you propose yourself to a potential supervisor.

AND HOW MUCH CAN A DOCTORATE COST?

The duration of a doctorate is 3 to 5 years. People who start these studies will always need funding to start education. There are no cases of doctoral students who can work for free in their research. It implies a high cost of supervision and material by the university.

In the search for a doctorate, it is not difficult to find admission to the doctorate, and the tricky thing is to find the right funding for it. Many teachers would like to supervise a project, but the great difficulty is finding the proper financing for it. For each type of doctorate, there is a different way of financing:

  1. If it is a structured program, with scholarship.
  2. In a doctorate by project, with a job as a research assistant.
  3. For an individual doctorate, there is a job as a class assistant in a university.

We will discuss in a future entry which of these options is the most relevant.

AND ARE THERE SCHOLARSHIPS FOR DOCTORATE?

This postgraduate usually has a wide range of scholarships and financing worldwide. For each subject and specialization, you will be able to find a specific award. In every university in the world, there is a professor and department of researchers who are interested in a particular topic that you also like.

And as the thematic interest is the beginning of each successful doctorate, your job is to find the subject of your research and then find the scholarship.

IN SHORT, WHAT IT ‘S A GRADUATE?

Now that you know everything about the different types of postgraduate courses, it is time for you to choose the best path for you. Choose the program that best suits your professional needs.

There are many modalities and programs. Do not be blinded only by names and rumours about the best universities. Find out about the content of the programs, and what you need. Knowing what you want to study will significantly facilitate the search for the scholarship.

Performing a postgraduate course not only serves to complement the knowledge obtained in undergraduate studies but is also useful as a tool to stand out in today’s competitive labour market.

Although a specialization can give you direct access to a company in the short term, in the longer term, a master’s degree can give you much better performance.

CHOOSE BETWEEN POSTGRADUATE TYPES THE IDEAL FOR YOU

And you? What is your goal with more advanced studies? Still, have doubts about which graduate to choose? We wait for you in the comments to help you solve your concerns.

Remember that we facilitate the search for scholarships by masters or doctorate with our online tool or in our app, www.mibeca.net. You can concentrate on looking for the program, and we help you with financing.

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